With a large amount of inventory, and a number of domestic and foreign enterprises to reach a long-term cooperative relationship!

Home > News > Why Is Capacitor Used in Home Appliances?

Why Is Capacitor Used in Home Appliances?

Mar. 27, 2023

Capacitors are electrical components that are widely used in a variety of home appliances, ranging from refrigerators and air conditioners to washing machines and ceiling fans. Capacitors serve a variety of important functions in these appliances, and their use can improve the efficiency and performance of these devices.

A capacitor is a device that stores electrical energy in an electric field. It consists of two metal plates separated by a dielectric material, such as air or a plastic film. When a voltage is applied to the capacitor, an electric field is created between the plates, causing them to store energy. When the voltage is removed, the energy is released back into the circuit.

There are two types of capacitors commonly used in home appliances: electrolytic capacitors and ceramic capacitors.

Electrolytic capacitors are typically used in applications where a large amount of capacitance is required, such as in the power supply of an appliance. They are made up of a thin layer of aluminum oxide that acts as the dielectric material. These capacitors are polarized, meaning that they have a positive and negative terminal, and must be connected to the circuit correctly.

Ceramic capacitors are typically used in applications where a small amount of capacitance is required, such as in the timing circuits of appliances. They are made up of a ceramic material that acts as the dielectric material. Unlike electrolytic capacitors, ceramic capacitors are not polarized and can be connected to the circuit in either direction.

 Household Appliances

 Household Appliances

Now let's take a look at some of the specific ways that capacitors are used in home appliances.

Starting and Running Motors

One of the most common uses of capacitors in home appliances is in starting and running electric motors. Motors require a large amount of electrical energy to start up, and capacitors can help provide this energy. When a motor is first turned on, the capacitor provides a high voltage surge that helps to get the motor running. Once the motor is running, the capacitor continues to provide a steady stream of energy to keep it going.

In appliances like refrigerators and air conditioners, capacitors are often used to start and run the compressor motor. In washing machines, capacitors are used to start and run the motor that drives the agitator and spin cycle.

Power Factor Correction

Another important use of capacitors in home appliances is in power factor correction. Power factor is a measure of how efficiently electrical power is being used in a circuit. In some appliances, such as air conditioners and refrigerators, the motors can cause the power factor to drop, which can lead to increased energy consumption and higher utility bills.

By adding capacitors to the circuit, the power factor can be improved, reducing energy consumption and saving money on utility bills. This is especially important in commercial applications where large motors are used, but it can also be beneficial in home appliances.

Noise Reduction

Capacitors can also be used to reduce electrical noise in home appliances. Electrical noise is unwanted electrical signals that can interfere with the proper functioning of electronic circuits. In appliances like washing machines and dishwashers, electrical noise can be created by the motors and other electrical components.

By adding capacitors to the circuit, the electrical noise can be reduced, improving the performance of the appliance. This can lead to less wear and tear on the appliance and longer lifespan.

Timing Circuits

Capacitors are also used in timing circuits in home appliances. Timing circuits are used to control the length of time that certain functions are performed, such as the length of a wash cycle in a washing machine or the duration of a defrost cycle in a refrigerator.

By using capacitors in these circuits, the length of time can be accurately controlled, ensuring that the appliance performs its functions correctly and efficiently.

Contact Us
  • +86 137 2340 5911
  • No. 232, West Huifu road, Yuexiu district, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, China

Copyright © Guangzhou Shenghe Electronic Technology Co., Ltd. All Rights Reserved Sitemap | Powered by Reanod